In November 2019, the first two Moscow Central Diameter were launched. Now large-scale work is underway to develop the two perspective MCD-3 and MCD-4.
Their launch is scheduled for late 2023-early 2024. In order to launch them in Moscow, large-scale work on the development of track infrastructure and the construction of new railway stations is carried out. Currently pre-project work for the future MCD-5 is under way. It will be one of the most complex, popular and very necessary for Moscow and Moscow region residents.
At the stage of building the ideology of the future MCD-5, there were difficulties in connecting the radial directions of the railway: Yaroslavsky and Paveletsky. The only possibility to increase passenger comfort and construct the route through the center is to design an underground tunnel from Yaroslavsky to Paveletsky radius. From an engineering point of view, this is a very complex project.
«There will be serious scientific work and research - only after that it will be possible to say about the final possibility of implementing the MCD-5. Colleagues from the Russian Railways also support the need for such a study of the MCD-5. The project of the possible MCD-5 is: 89 km, 39 stations, 11 of which are interchangeable with the metro, the MCC and other diameters.
The planned passenger traffic flow of the MCD-5 after its full implementation may exceed 600 thousand per working day or 181 million passengers per year. For comparison, the MCD-1 and MCD-2 for 2021 carried together 171 million people. It is assumed that the MCD-5 will be the most popular diameter and with a huge passenger flow. With its launch passengers of Yaroslavsky and Paveletsky directions going to the center will be able to save up to 30% of time, they will reduce the need for changeovers at "railway" stations», – noted Maksim Liksutov, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Transport.
The concept provides for the construction of a new Kotlyakovo station on the MCD-5 with an interchange to eponymous station of the MCD-2 and the new Biryulevskaya metro line, as well as 4 stations on the underground section: Rizhskaya, Komsomolskaya, Paveletskaya and optionally Kitay-Gorod. For the remaining stations projects will be developed to improve, reconstruct and bring them the standard of the MCD.
MCD-5 is the only diameter that will have not two, but four terminuses. It is planned that the southern terminus may be Domodedovo. In addition, the northern section will have a fork: the first will go to Pushkino, the second through Korolyov to Shchyolkovo, and the third to Fryazin.
In case of the 5th diameter realization, five outbound routes will be unloaded. According to the project, 29 thousand motorists will switch from their private cars to the MCD-5 because of the huge savings in travel time. The load on the Circle Line will be significantly reduced by 9% and the MCC by 7%. The unloading of Komsomolskaya metro station of the Circle line will be up to 25% and Three Stations Square - up to 21%.
«At the first stage, we are considering the possibility of launching the future MCD-5 fare system, cancel the day window, launching trains with an interval of 6-7.5 minutes during peak hour and start gradually renewing the rolling stock. Already these steps will allow 3.3 million residents of 23 Moscow districts and 6 Moscow suburbs districts become more mobile in the coming years» - noted Maksim Liksutov, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for transport.
The final decision on the MCD-5 project will be made after the pre-project works, produced by a joint team of the Russian Railways, the Moscow Government and the Moscow Region Government.